Purpose of Inspection
The purpose of the inspection is to provide the purchaser with advice as to the condition of the property at the time of inspection.
Scope of inspection
The inspection shall be a visual assessment of the property to identify major defects and form an opinion regarding the general condition of the property at the time of inspection. The inspection will exclude rectification cost estimates of building defects. The building shall be compared with a building that was constructed in accordance with the general accepted practice at the time of construction and which has been maintained such that there has been no significant loss of strength and serviceability.
Areas for Inspection
The client will be responsible for arranging right of entry, facilitate physical entry to the property and provide the inspector with the necessary information to enable the inspector to undertake the inspection and prepare a report. The inspection shall comprise visual appraisal and limited assessment of serviceability.
Inspection limitations
Expected limitations
Occasionally areas of a building may be inaccessible to the inspector due to Limited right of entry, locked doors, security systems ,pets, furniture and similar obstructions.
Unexpected limitations
These include access restrictions due to height or narrow boundary clearance, thick vegetation, small roof or crawl space and adverse weather conditions.
Safe and reasonable access
The extent of accessible areas shall be determined by the inspector at the time of inspection based on conditions encountered at the time of inspection. The inspector shall also determine whether sufficient space is available to allow safe access.

The inspector shall include only accessible areas and areas that are within the inspector's line of sight and close enough to enable reasonable appraisal.

Reasonable safe access determined by AS4349.1 is as follows;
  • Minimum roof access hole 400*500mm
  • Minimum crawl space 600*600mm
  • Roof interior accessible form 3.6m ladder
  • Roof exterior accessible from 3.6m ladder placed on ground
Please note:
Reasonable access does not include the cutting of access holes or the removal of screws and bolts or any other fastenings or sealants to access covers.
Subfloor areas sprayed with chemicals should not be inspected unless it is safe to do so.
Scope of Inspection
The inspector shall inspect all building elements as typically present in a residential building as per AS 4349.1-2007.
Interior of building
Ceilings , walls , timber floors , concrete floors , timber windows , metal framed windows , doors and frames , kitchen , bathroom , ensuite, WC , laundry , stairs , damp problems.
Exterior of building
Walls , Timber or steel frames and structures , Chimneys , Stairs , Balconies , verandas, patios , decks , suspended concrete floors , balustrade's.
Roof Exterior
Roof ( tiles, shingles and slates, sheet roofing, gables and roof flashing), skylights, vents and flues. Valleys. Guttering. Downpipes. Eaves, fascias and barges.
Roof Space
Roof covering. Roof framing. Sarking. Party wall. Insulation.
Subfloor Space
Timber floor , including supports, floor, ventilation, drainage and damp.
General to the property (The Site)
The inspector shall inspect accessible parts of the building and appurtenances, together with relevant feature of the property within 30 m of the building and within the boundaries of the site. Relevant features would include Car accommodation, detached laundry, ablution facilities, and garden sheds. Retaining walls , paths and driveways. Steps, fencing and surface water.
Exclusions of items from inspection as per AS 4349.1-2007
Footings below ground, concealed damp proof course, electrical installations, operation of smoke detectors, light switches and fittings, tv , sound and communications and security systems. Concealed plumbing, adequacy of roof drainage as installed. Gas fittings and fixtures, air-conditioning, automatic garage door mechanisms. Swimming pools and associated filtration and similar equipment. The operation of fireplaces and solid fuel heaters, including chimneys and flues. Alarm systems, intercom systems, soft floor coverings.
Electrical appliances including dishwashers, incinerators, ovens, ducted vacuum systems. Paint coatings, except external protective coatings. Health hazards, (allergies, soil toxicity, lead content, radon, presence of asbestos, or urea formaldehyde). Timber and metal framing sizes and adequacy. Concealed tie downs and bracing. Timber pest activity. Other mechanical or electrical equipment ( such as gates, inclinators). Soil conditions. Control joints. Sustainable development provisions. Concealed framing timbers or any areas concealed by wall linings/slidings. Landscaping. Rubbish. Floor coverings. Furniture and accessories. Stored items. Insulation. Environmental matters ( e.g. BASIX, water tanks, BCA Environmental Provisions). Energy Efficiency. Lighting efficiency.
Limitations of Standard
A report prepared in accordance with this standard is not a certificate of compliance of the property within the requirement of any Act, regulation, ordinance, local law or by-law, and is not a warranty against problems developing with the building in the future.

The standard does not include the identification of unauthorized building work or of work not compliant with building regulations. The standard assumes that the existing use of the building will continue.

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